Changes in the population of Wales


The latest mid-year population figures for Wales have been released today. The headline figures are as follows:

  • As at 30th June 2007 there were 2,980,000 people resident in Wales. This is an increase of 14,100 on mid-2006 (0.5 per cent increase), slightly higher than the previous annual increase (12,300, or 0.4 per cent, between mid-2005 and mid-2006)
  • Migration and other changes provided a net addition to the population of 11,800 in the period mid-2006 to mid-2007. This compares to 10,500 for the previous twelve months.
  • The local authority with the largest population increase between mid-2006 and mid-2007 was Cardiff (1.1 per cent increase)
  • The only local authorities which showed a decrease in total population between mid-2006 and mid-2007 were Rhondda Cynon Taf (0.1 per cent decrease) and Blaenau Gwent (0.2 per cent decrease).
  • The number of children aged under 5 in Wales increased by 2.2 per cent between mid-2006 and mid-2007. All local authorities showed an increase in the number of children aged under 5 between mid-2006 and mid-2007. These increases ranged from a 0.4 per cent increase in Powys to a 4.7 per cent increase in Cardiff.
  • All local authorities showed an increase in the number of people of retirement age between mid-2006 and mid-2007. These increases ranged from a 0.9 per cent increase in Cardiff to a 3.2 per cent increase in Powys.

Since 2001, the main changes in the structure and distribution of the population are:

  • a fall in the number of Children aged 0-15 (as a proportion of the total population a decrease from over 20 per cent to 19 per cent)
  • an increase in those of Working age (to just over 60 per cent)
  • a rise in those of Retirement age (proportion increased from 20.1 per cent to 21.0 per cent)
  • the local authority areas (as currently constituted) showing a population decline are Merthyr Tydfil (down 1.0 per cent) and Blaenau Gwent (down 1.2 per cent)
  • those local authority areas with the greatest population growth are Powys (up 4.4 per cent) and Pembrokeshire (up 4.3 per cent)

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